The Secret Life Of Pet

I secretly think that my pets are like people. They have their own language that only they can understand. And if their owners are not around, our pets secretly doing human-like activities, such as exercising and watching TV. I know it sounds crazy but I like to think that our pets are just like us. Based from the movie ‘The Secret Life of Pets’, I am now positive that I’m not the only one who thinks about it.

secret life of pets

secret life of pets

The trailer of this movie was released in June 2015. It includes pets like dogs, cats, bird, and even a goldfish. The trailer shows what pets do after their owner leaves their home. There is a scene of Chloe, a cat who ate a whole chicken in the fridge. There is also a dachshund that used an electric mixer to tickle his belly. It is an upcoming 2016 American 3D computer animated comedy film produced by Illumination Entertainment. The plot of the story revolves around Max; he leaves in an apartment building in Manhattan with his owner Katie. However, everything turned upside down when Katie brings home a sloppy mongrel named Duke, who was rescued from the pound. They always quarrel when Katie leaves the apartment. Then, an adorable white rabbit named Snowball appear. He is the leader of an army of abandoned pets called the ‘Flushed Pets’ and they are determined to take revenge on all happily-owned pets and their owners. Thus, Max and Duke are forced to put their disagreements behind and work together to stop Snowball and his army.

The film is directed by Chris Renaud and Yarrow Cheney, and written by Brian Lynch, Cinco Paul, and Ken Daurio. The cast includes Louis C.K., Eric Stonestreet, Kevin Hart, Steve Coogan, Ellie Kemper, Bobby Moynihan, Lake Bell, Hannibal Buress, and Albert Brooks. The movie is scheduled to be released on summer of 2016, by Universal Pictures.

Travelling With Your Pets

We love our pets so much that we don’t want to leave them while you are on a vacation or an important business trip. The thought of leaving them with your neighbor or other family member is unthinkable. Thus, some of us decide to bring them along. However, if you decide to take your pet with you, make sure that you prepared for the long journey by making it safe and comfortable experience for the both of you.

If you are planning to travel using a car, your pet may be comfortable and familiar with it. But keep in mind that a long distance car ride is an entirely different experience for them.

  • Make sure to plan ahead. Choose a place that will allow you to bring pets. And if they do, ask about their rules and regulations in bringing pets. Some hotels have size limit, where they only accept small dogs and limit the number of pets that you can bring.

  • Bring your pets to their vets. Check if your pet is up to date on vaccinations and if they are fit to travel. In case your pet has motion sickness, you can ask your vet for remedy recommendations. Don’t forget to bring your pet’s health records including certificates and proof of vaccinations.
  • Use a pet carrier or seat restraint. This will allow your dog to seat or stand up and turn around comfortably. If your pet is not secured, it may distract the driver or interfere with operation of the vehicle and hurting themselves or other passengers. You can visit to know more about seat restraints and pet carrier.
  • It is important to stop every few hours. Not only the driver and passengers, but also your pet needs to stretch or relieve themselves. Keep in mind to put them on a leash when you take them for a short walk.
  • Give your pets water, especially on long trips and/or warm days. This will keep them hydrated. Bring a travel water container during your trip.
  • Keep your pet comfortable. Never leave them inside the car even if the windows are rolled down. Provide things that are familiar to them like food, toys, and blankets.
  • Pack a pet first-aid kit. It may also include past prescriptions in case of emergency. Plus, keep your vet’s phone number and a poison control number on hand.
    Travelling by plane is a bit more complicated than using a car. You have to make sure that necessary things are done before you go on your trip. To make the task easier, make a checklist of the things you needed to do.

  • Check the airline policies because each of them has differences. Find out the size of the pet carriers they allow and how they handle pets in the cargo area. Some of them may also require health records.
  • Make an appointment with your vet before travelling. Check if your pets are up to date on vaccinations, if there is any additional that they need for specific destinations, and have a clean bill of health for travel. Always keep a copy of your pet’s health certificate and proof of vaccinations.
  • Do not feed your pet before travelling to avoid an upset stomach during the flight.
  • Make your pet feel comfortable. Place your pet’s favorite toy or blanket in the crate.

Fleas And Ticks

The soft, warm fur of dogs and cats provides the perfect environment for fleas and ticks. These insects feed on your pet’s blood and can cause health problems ranging from allergic reactions to serious tick-borne illnesses.

Fleas can take in 15 times their own weight in blood. Dogs or cats that lose too much blood may develop anemia, a dangerous drop in the number of their red blood cells.

fleas and ticks

fleas and ticks

Fleas are the most common cause of skin disease in dogs and cats. When a flea bites, it injects saliva into your pet’s skin. Signs include intense itching, hair loss, scabs, and red, irritated skin, which may lead to skin infections.

Fleas like human blood too, and they can jump from your pet’s fur or bedding onto your skin. Some people have a bad reaction to flea bites. If you scratch the intense itches, that can lead to skin infections.

Flea Warning Signs

  • Dogs
  • Flea droppings in the fur
  • Flea eggs in the fur
  • Excessive licking or scratching
  • Scabs or hot spots on the skin
  • Cats

The easiest way to find fleas on a cat is to use a flea comb. Especially check the neck and around the base of the tail. Lots of scratching and hair loss are also signs that fleas may be feasting on your feline.

How Do Pets Get Fleas and Ticks?

Pets can easily pick up fleas when outdoors. Indoor cats can get them even if they just go out on the patio or share their home with a dog.

Ticks crawl onto tall grass and shrubs and wait for a host to pass by. They can wait for a year without feeding. Dogs are most likely to pick up ticks while walking in the woods or high grass from spring through fall.

Safe Ways to Remove Ticks

  • Use gloves or tissue to cover your hands.
  • Grasp the tick with tweezers from the side, close to the skin.
  • Pull straight up. Don’t twist.
  • Don’t squeeze the bloated belly.
  • Wash the bite area and your hands.

Importance Of Grooming Your Dogs

Your dog’s physical appearance is affected by regular grooming, so is his health. Dogs that are regularly groomed are healthy inside and out.

importance of grooming your dogs

importance of grooming your dogs

• Dirt, Germs, and Insects

When dirt becomes matted in your dog’s coat it not only looks bad, but it can be painful for your pet. It may cause excessive itching, which can lead to scratching and sores.

• Doggy Dental

Domesticated canines must rely on you to help them keep their teeth clean. Neglecting your dog’s teeth can create serious health problems.

• Inspect Your Dog’s Coat

Bathing your dog regularly is important, but so is brushing. When you take the time to brush your dog’s coat not only does it become silky and shiny, but it allows you the opportunity to inspect your pet for signs of distress. Pet owners that take the time to brush their dog on a regular basis are more likely to notice flaws that raise red flags, prompting them to make that call to their veterinarian sooner rather than later.

• Bonding Time

Spending time with your dog is important. When your pet feels like he isn’t getting enough attention, this is when destructive behavior can ensue. Grooming your dog creates a bond and reassures your pet that he is loved and wanted.

Grooming you dogs is one of the responsibilities of a pet owner. We have to make time for our pets as well as ourselves. Everyone knows something about grooming their pets and also themselves, so why not learn How to start a fashion blog to share the things that you know. You may not only end up helping other people but also your readers can help you as well.

The Benefits Of Being A Dog Person

People who love dogs often have a few things in common, with licked faces, dog hair on their clothes, chewed up furniture and so on being just some of these. However, owning dogs and loving dogs also come with some awesome benefits that you would not have expected. These can range from health benefits that will come as a surprise to those who think that owning pets will actually put them more at risk of getting sick to psychological benefits that will help you live your life with more satisfaction. This isn’t to say that owning a dog does not come with a few restrictions and stress factors because it does. However, if you focus more on the negatives than on the positives of owning a dog, you are not by definition a dog person in the first place. So, what are these benefits I’m talking about? Here’s the following:

• Fewer sick days
• More allergy resistance
• Better mood
• More friends
• More exercise

benefits of being a dog person

benefits of being a dog person

If you have been convinced that you will not get sick for as long as you live in a sterile, constantly disinfected world, you would be wrong. You see, it’s actually the opposite since using all those disinfectant sprays and wipes and whatever else is actually the reason why you get sick since your body can’t build a good defense against germs for when you are finally exposed to them. Having a dog around helps train your immune system so that you are stronger. The same goes for allergies since being constantly exposed to animals helps your body cope. It’s also been scientifically proven that owning a dog can improve your mood and buck up your social life because you aren’t as prone to locking yourself away indoors. In fact, having a dog requires you to go outside for exercise which helps in pretty much all of the indicated benefits, basically doubling their effects.

Tips In Bathing Your Dog

When you see a commercial ad for dog shampoo or a movie scene of an owner bathing his dog, it looks like it’s very easy and full of fun. Although in reality, it is not always a good experience for dogs and their owners. Dogs are usually dirty and stinky because they are very active and playful. Some of them hate it when it comes to bath time – where your dog is wrestling and clawing to get as far away as possible from you and the bathroom.

tips in bathing your dog

tips in bathing your dog

Here are some tips on how to wash your dog and make it much more friendly experience for both of you.

Power of positive association

When you introduce bath time to your dog, associate it with something positive like offering treats, toys, and affection to him/her, so that they will behave in a way that is helpful during bath time. First step is getting them used to hopping into an empty tub and let them spend some time there while giving them treats or toys, then work your way up with adding warm water. Repeat this action until they learn it by themselves without giving those treats or toys.

Protect their ears

Never let the water get into your dog’s ear during bath time because not only it is unpleasant for them, but also it can actually cause health problems. You can stuff cotton balls into their ears, if they will let you do it. If they are uncomfortable with it, then you just have to do your best to avoid spraying water into them.

Start them young

You should start training them as early as possible. When they experience taking a bath while they are young, they won’t have negative association towards it and you will encounter less trouble later.

Use the right shampoo

Another thing that will make bath time more pleasant is picking the right shampoo. It should clean and remove unwanted odors without stripping away important oils. You should ask your vet about this.

Work from the neck down

You should also keep your dog’s eyes and mouth safe by washing from the neck down. Use a bucket or cup to wet your dog or using a sprayer. For the face, you can use damp washcloth.

Dry right

Improper drying will leave unpleasant dog smell. Some people advice to use blow dryers; however you have to make your dog get used to its noise and feel. Be careful to avoid burning his skin.

Choosing The Best And Safest Toys For Your Dog

Some people think that pet toys are luxury; however it is not the case. Toys are necessity for pets because it is their way of distracting themselves and fighting boredom when their owners left them alone. In addition, they also provide comfort and can even help prevent them from developing certain problem behaviors. Dogs are willing to play with any object that they can get their paws on. Thus, it is important for the owners to be careful in monitoring their dogs during playtime.

toys for your dog

toys for your dog

There are several factors that contribute to the safety or danger of a toy, and most of them depend on your dog’s size, activity, level, and preferences. Another factor is the environment where the dogs spend their time playing. Here are some of the guidelines that can help owners in choosing the best and safest toys for their dogs. First, dog-proof your home by removing string, ribbon, rubber bands, children’s toys, pantyhose, and anything else that can be swallowed. Second, toys should be appropriate based on the size of the dog because if it is too small then it can easily be swallowed. Third, discard toys that start to break into pieces or those that are easily torn. Fourth, some toys contain ‘squeaker’ in its center and some dogs might find and destroy it, which they could ingest. Thus, supervision is needed when they play with squeaky toys. Lastly, check labels for child safety. For stuffed toys, look if the label states that it is safe for children under three years of age and does not contain any dangerous fillings. This kind of fillings includes nutshells and polystyrene beads, but note that even ‘safe’ stuffing is not digestible. Choose soft toys that are sturdier and machine washable. There are several toys that can be purchased online, and it is a good business that anyone can do. If you are interested doing online business, you should use Marketing Automation Tools. You can choose between ontraport vs infusionsoft, two of the best tools that can help people who have online business.

“GOOD” Food For Your Pet

It’s important to understand that food has the ability to heal or harm your pet, depending on the type and quality of nutrition you provide. The first factor you should evaluate is the species-appropriateness of what your dog or cat is eating. A species-appropriate diet contains lots of good quality protein as well as moisture.

dog food

dog food

High moisture content is required in order to prevent organ dysfunction, including kidney failure. Dogs and cats are designed to eat food that is about 70 percent moisture. If you feed your pet dry food only, he’s getting only about 12 percent moisture instead of the 70 percent his body demands.

Nutritional balance is vitally important because deficiencies will develop much faster in your dog or cat than they will in you. A poorly nourished puppy or kitten can end up with obvious signs of skeletal problems and organ degeneration before she’s six months old.

  • A balanced, raw, homemade diet is the best food you can feed your dog or cat.
    Raw means the food is unadulterated and still contains all the enzymes and nutrients that are typically destroyed during cooking or other types of processing.
  • The next best thing you can feed your pet is a commercially available raw diet.
    It’s important that the diet is balanced, and you should be aware that there are raw food pet diets entering the market that are not yet proven to be nutritionally complete. These foods often say “For supplementation or intermittent feeding” on the label.
  • Cooked, balanced homemade diet.
    This means some of the nutrient composition has been diminished through processing.
  • Human-grade canned food.
    If the label doesn’t say the ingredients are human grade, they’re not. Pet food made with human-grade ingredients is also a great deal more expensive, so that’s another way to tell what you’re getting.
  • Human-grade dry food.
    Human grade is very important because the food is approved, in theory, for human consumption, which means it doesn’t contain low quality rendered by-products.
  • Super premium dry food.
  • Veterinary-recommended canned food.
  • Veterinary-recommended dry food.
  • Grocery store brand canned food.
  • Grocery store brand dry food.

Adopting Vs Buying A Pet

Shelters and rescue groups have a wide selection of animals looking for new homes, from cats and dogs to birds, rabbits and small animals.

Dr. Becker’s Comments:

One of the best things about adopting a rescued pet is the knowledge you are saving a deserving dog or cat from languishing in a shelter or being put to death.
In honor of National Pet Week and all the wonderful shelter animals waiting patiently for new forever homes, here are great reasons to adopt an abandoned or rescued cat or dog.

Adoption helps stop pet overpopulation


There are too many animals and not enough homes. Shelters have been facing a pet overpopulation problem for the last few decades. Some animals are found wandering as strays, and some are surrendered by their owners who cannot, or no longer want to, care for them. In order to help reduce pet overpopulation and being part of the solution, it’s important to have your pet sterilized 100-percent effective method of birth control. In most shelters, spaying or neutering is mandatory for all adopted cats, dogs and rabbits. This ensures the animals placed in the community don’t contribute to pet overpopulation.

Adoption saves lives

Shelters are overcrowded. Adoption will not only save the life of the pet you are adopting but will also make room and free up precious resources for another animal that the shelter will take in. Adopting an animal from a shelter is the best way to help the shelter continue its work. Shelters are meant to only house animals temporarily, and in order to be able to help more animals in need, shelters must find loving adoptive homes for the animals they take in.

Adoption gives a second chance

Shelters are full of healthy, sweet and smart animals who were surrendered not because of their behavior but generally due to the issues of their guardians. The most common reasons animals are surrendered is because of a change in circumstances of their family: a divorce, a move, a new baby or because their family was not ready for all the responsibilities of having a pet and “no longer has time for them”. Shelters and rescue groups offer adoptable dogs, cats and many other animals of all ages, breeds, mixes and sizes.

Adoption often costs less

Pets adopted from shelters and rescue groups usually cost less than pets purchased or even obtained for free. Once you include the cost of vaccinations, spay/neuter surgery, microchip, deworming treatment and health guarantee, you’ll be surprised what a good deal an adopted pet really is! Also, did you know that more than 25% of cats and dogs who enter into shelters are pure breeds? If you’re truly set on a specific purebred cat or dog, there are breed-specific rescues that work to match up the right owner with the perfect purebred pet.

Adopting from a shelter is an act of rescue and love. It is a good deed for you, for the shelter, but especially for the animal who needs you. Added to the pleasure of having a new companion, you’ll be happy to be the one who was able to offer him a second chance. If you want to know more about adopting pets, you can browse through the internet. And if you want to see videos about adopting a pet, you can use to help you with downloading these videos that you want.

Pet Foods

There are four major companies that are thought to control 80% of the world’s pet food market, which are: Procter & Gamble, Nestlé, Mars, and Colgate-Palmolive. Pet food is plant or animal material intended for consumption by pets. This is typically sold in pet stores and supermarkets and specific to the type of animal, such as dog food or cat food.

pet foods

pet foods

Fish Food

They are commonly produced in flake, pellet, or tablet form. The pellet form sinks rapidly in the water and is often used for larger fish or bottom-feeding species like loaches or catfish. This food contains macronutrients, trace elements, and vitamins necessary to keep the pet fish in good health. Some of it contain additives such as beta carotene or sex hormone, to artificially enhance the color of the ornamental fish.

Bird Food

It typically consists of a variety of seeds, but not all birds eat seeds. Insect-eating birds like nuthatches and woodpeckers eat suet, beef or mutton fat. While humming birds eat nectar, which is essentially sugar water.

Cat Food

Cats are obligate carnivores but most of them eat food that contains both animal and plant material supplemented with vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. This is formulated to provide specific nutritional requirements for cats, in particular the amino acid taurine.

Dog Food

Some people let their dogs eat their leftovers and scraps. But nowadays, commercial dog foods are now available, in the dry form (also known as kibble) or wet form (or canned). Other dog owners do not feed their pet with commercial food because they believe that it contains poor-quality meats, additives, and other ingredients that dog should not ingest.

Some pet owners practice feeding their domestic dogs and cats with raw food consisting of uncooked meat and bones. They believe that due to this practice, they are able to mimic a similar diet when an animal is in the wild. While others think that pets are exposed to food-borne illnesses with the handling and feeding of raw meats, thus outweighing the purported benefits. Though there are no scientific studies conducted regarding this claims.

Automotive Pet Products

Most of us don’t like leaving our pets at home whenever we need to travel. It also doesn’t ease our mind if we decide to leave them to our neighbor or other family members. Therefore, we decide to bring them along on our road trips or vacations. But it is important to remember that we need to practice safe pet travel. There are several travel products that you can purchase for your lovely pets and make sure that they are free for harm during your trips. In, you will be able to read some other tips on using automotive pet products that you can use in your car.

automotive pet products

automotive pet products

Pets can be exposed to harm like heatstroke and suffocation when we leave them unattended in a vehicle with inadequate or no ventilation. In some states, this scenario is against the law. Below is the list of products that you should consider buying for your pets if you decide to bring them along in your travel:

  • Booster Seat Harness Attachment: This one is used to attach in your pet’s harness and secure them to the vehicle’s seat belt.
  • Back Seat Cover: It is used to protect the back seat from spills and pet hair. It has elastic side straps and metal hooks to ensure secure fit.
  • Booster Car Seat: The dog car seat where they can see the view outside the car. They have a snap hook to seat anchor system to ensure secure and safe installation.
  • Mat: There is an available mat for SUVs contoured to fit the rear cargo area. Quilted mats are also available, which is great for pet crates, cars, sofas, tiled or wood floors.
  • Hammock Seat Cover: If there is no one going to seat at the back of the car, then your pets can accommodate it using this. The best thing is it can cover the entire back seat.

Overnight Pet Boarding

All of us love our pets, to the point that we sleep and eat at the same time with them. Most of the time, we also bring them on family vacations and outings. But there are also times that we can’t take them with us, like a honeymoon trip with your partner and especially if you are going on business trips. Asking your neighbor or family relatives to take care of them can be quite difficult because they also have other things to attend to. Good thing that there are several pet businesses that offers boarding facilities.

Pet businesses are continuously expanding the services that they are offering. Besides from the merchandise store of pet accessories and offering grooming services, some of them now also offer pet owners with pet training and overnight pet boarding. You can now enjoy your trip without worrying about your pet’s well-being. Here are some of the offers of companies for pet boarding:

  • Sleeping accommodations: You can choose between an open-air atrium, furnished with cot and hypoallergenic bedding, or a private suite, with floor-to-ceiling wall that provides quieter environment and a television tuned to pet-themed shows.
  • Snacks: Of course, you don’t want your pet to be hungry while you are away. Several snacks and treats are offered in pet boarding.
  • Playtime: It is important that your pet will run and do some exercises. Pet boarding also offers indoor space that is safe and comfortable area for your pet to play. The area is usually supervised by a trained pet specialist. You can also choose if your pet will play with other pets or just play alone.
  • Grooming Services: You can also choose to pamper your pet before picking them up from pet boarding. You can give them nail trimming and bath before going home.
  • Pet Training Camp: Pet training instructors are also available in some pet boarding companies. If you wish your pet to learn a few tricks or things, you can also enroll them to pet training camp.


Pet Insurance

We treat our pets as part of our family, therefore we want to give them the best care they need, especially when they are sick or injured. Just like a normal person, pets also experience health issues, have accidents or simply get themselves into harm that requires a visit to veterinary clinics. Veterinary care can be costly and as it becomes more advanced, the costs continue to rise. Unexpected illnesses and accidents can be a big problem in your budget. Pet medical insurance is now widely available in the market as the veterinary industry develop more advance medical techniques and drugs, and most owners wanted to provide high-quality health care for their pets.

  • Pet insurance pays partly or the total cost of the veterinary treatment.
  • In some policies, insurance companies even pay out the owners when the pet dies, of it the pet is lost or stolen.
  • Most of the companies offer pet insurance plans that cover up to 80% of the cost of eligible vet bills.
  • It also provides additional services like routine care, alternative treatments and dental illness.
  • With this type of insurance, you will have financial peace of mind even if unexpected veterinary bills came in your home.
  • You can avail pet insurance online; you just have to sign-up in your preferred website and provide your personal information and banking details. If you are not satisfied with your security software and plug-ins on your computer, you can also buy proxy that offers additional security in your web browsing by hiding your IP address.

In Australia, RSPCA Pet Insurance offers the same kind of insurance for pets. But in return, a portion of the premiums that pet owners pay goes to the fund of the organization. Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals or RSPCA is a large organization that promotes animal welfare. Each state and territory of Australia has their own branches. The organization’s purpose is to be a leading authority in animal care and protection, and to prevent cruelty to animals by actively promoting their care and protection.


Health Benefits of Owning a Pet

Most of us have a pet in our home. It can be a dog, cat, bird, turtle, guinea pig, rabbit and other pets that can be taken care at home. It is proven that having a pet in your home can bring you several health benefits, including physically, mentally and emotionally.

  • Children’s early exposure to animals lessens their chance of having allergies. By being exposed to several allergens and dirt, pets help in building up the child’s immune system.
  • Owning a pet can improve your social skills. If you are having difficulties talking to other people, then pets can be a starting topic. Taking your dog for a walk in parks and meeting other pet owners can be your way in improving your socialization skills.
  • Presence of pets can improve the overall health of the heart. Studies show that pet owners exhibit decreased blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride levels – which means that the tendency of heart attack was minimized. This benefit is connected with pets helping their owner to reduce or control their stress level.
  • They motivate you to do exercise, especially if your pet is a dog. Dogs need to be walked several times a day. They are also a good companion in running and hiking. In this way, both the pet and the owner keep fit and healthy.
  • They make you feel that you have a purpose, especially when you are feeling down. Their companionship can boost your overall mood and can make you feel happy. Particularly, the sick and elderly receive treatment and care with Animal-assisted Therapy (ATT) or Pet-facilitated Therapy (PFT).
  • They add structure and routine to our day. Pets require regular feeding and exercise and it is the owner’s responsibility to fulfill such needs. Thus, pets make us more responsible.



For most of us, pets are more than just animals; they are also part of our family. They give us unconditional love; provide us many health benefits; and most of all they make us better.

Animals as Part of Our Families

We are natural animal-lovers and most of us have pets in our homes. We practically treat them as part of our family. They are even present in family gatherings, and you can definitely see them included in family photos. Pets are so cute and adorable that we document almost all of their daily activities, especially the funny ones. You can see some people in social media, posting pictures, videos, and blogs about their pets. This kind of posts attracts other people to adopt one, but they don’t know anything about taking care of pets. Thanks to the current technology, we can easily search information about pets online. If you want to have your own pet and don’t have any idea, then you can visit Petwebsite. They give information about different kinds of pets; up-to-date pet news; and they also sell pets and pet products. If you are interested to know more about pets, particularly dogs and cats, you can visit websites, such as:

If you are an animal-lover and want to brag about your pet, you can blog about it. You can simply post pictures and videos of them. You can blog about things that you learn from your pet; this is a good way to share information to other fellow pet owners. Some useful tips are about taking care of pets: how to properly wash them; the suitable food for a specific breed; how to know if they are not feeling well. If you want to boost your audience and website visitors, there are website where you can purchase web traffic and increase page visitors. Ultimate Web Traffic offers different traffic packages. The most popular type is the targeted traffic, which targets your audiences on the basis of the targeted country by choosing from a massive range of more than 300 different categories.


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